It’s the Tuesday after Labor Day, so a long-awaited email has just pinged its way into my mailbox. That’s right: it’s Royalty Day.

On the first business day of September and March, I check my email about every ten seconds, waiting for a message from my agent. When it finally comes through, it will say something like, “Here are the numbers: $XXX, minus agency commission. I’m off to the bank and will send a check as soon as the payment clears.”

This is why writers have cash-flow problems: This royalty money, which comes in every six months, comes from copies of my books sold as long ago as A WHOLE YEAR.

Here’s how it works. In September of 2006, a copy of The Well-Educated Mind sits in a bookstore in Williamsburg. The cover price is $27.95, but the bookstore has discounted it 10%. An enlightened and discerning reader wanders by, picks it up, leafs through it, and then takes it up to the counter. She buys it for $25.15, takes it home, and stays up all night, mesmerized by the chapter on the History of the Novel.

The bookstore keeps $11.18 of that sale, and sends a check to Norton for $13.97 (publishers sell books to retailers at 50% off). The standard royalty rate on hardcover books is around 12.5%, so out of that $13.97, Norton owes me about $3.50.

When do I get that $3.50? Not until September of 2007.

Publishers reckon up their royalties every six months, so in March of 2007, the accountants at Norton figure up how many copies of The Well-Educated Mind have been sold to bookstores between September 2006 and February 2007. (Another peculiarity of publishing: the year begins in September, when the big fall books come out, and ends in August.)

But the accountants have no way of knowing whether those copies have actually gone home with readers who will love them. No, all THEY can see is that the copies have shipped to bookstores, where they may still be on shelves, or in boxes in the back room. And bookstores have the right to return those unsold copies at any point. So the accountants will HOLD ONTO my royalties for an additional six months. Between March 2007 and August 2007, whenever copies of The Well-Educated Mind get shipped from bookstores back to the Norton warehouse, the $3.50 for each of those copies is deducted from my royalty total.

By the end of August 2007, the accountants figure that any books shipped between September 2006 and February 2007 have already either sold or been returned, so they release the royalties for those books (which are now reckoned not just shipped, but sold). At that point, the publisher is legally obliged to pay over the money by the end of the month.

Which in practice means–you got it–the royalty check is issued on the very last day of the month. Hey, that money is earning interest. No point in handing it over too quickly.

So a check arrives at my agent’s office on the first business day in September. He emails me to let me know the total, deposits the check in his account, deducts his agency commission, and then writes a check to me.

Generally this takes another week or so. Sometimes longer. Imagine my surprise, when I first dealt with a big publisher, to see that the check from the publisher was drawn on a bank in Wisconsin. Yes, that’s right. The publisher paid all royalties out of a bank account in the midwest because it took the royalty checks another two or three days to clear that way–another two or three days that the royalty money was earning interest for the publisher.

So when do I get the $3.50 which has been sitting around unspent since September 2006? Sometime in the second week of September, 2007.

The royalty statements which have just arrived make no mention of the History of the Ancient World, because the total that my agent informed me of today–that’s September 4, 2007–is for books sold between September 2006 and February 2007 . The History of the Ancient World had a pub date of March 2007–so it won’t even show up on my royalty reports until I hear again from my agent about royalties in March 2008.

Hey, no matter what I may say about the spiritual toxicity of publishing, writing is great for your maturity It’s all about delayed gratification.

Showing 10 comments
  • The Tutor

    I SO should not have read this. At least I have a new mantra…

    Maturity, not money. Maturity, not money. Maturity, not money.

  • e

    Perhaps think of it as writing for fun, and then money magically shows up to say, “Huzzah! Here I am! Go buy fantastic shoes!”?

    Ok, so that’s no consolation. Consolation of shoes, even. But you can still go buy those shoes….

  • Janice in NJ

    OK. So tell me about the books with the black mark on them. What’s their tale? Does the writer get paid for those? I probably should look this up, but this way I get to wait for an answer….

    If it’s any consolation, no one will be sending me a check this month for any amount. Even though I’m pretty sure that I was doing something last September…. 🙂

    Thanks for the HAW though, my buck-two-eighty is in there somewhere!


  • Anita

    Thank you so much for this interesting lesson in publishing. My daughter wants to write a book someday and she was very interested in reading this post. I have a couple friends who have published books, but I have never understood how they got paid. Now I know.

    So now I’m wondering. Do you get credit for the new books sold on Amazon, sold by Amazon. The way I understood it Amazon is part of Borders Book Store. I know some folks sale used stuff and you most likely don’t get credit there.

    Oh, and I’ve bought several of your books new, so I know you’ve got a few dollars from me too!

  • Katrina

    Remind me not to become an accountant. UGH!

  • Bobby Sweezy

    Write the book on your blog and we’ll pay you double that. In your bank account that day via paypal. You get all the interest. We get a good deal on the book.

    It’s the same in the music industry. Too many hands in your pocket. That’s why they call them starving artists. You gotta wait till September to buy groceries.

    Keep up the good work.

  • Heather in Virginia

    Wow, Susan, you make it all sound so glamorous! Do buy new shoes, though. Nice new shoes. Heels. Nice, very high heels. (Oh, wait…that what I want to buy.)

    You are making my current gig as the neighbor’s cat sitter seem pretty good. I get my check to cover Meow Mix and expenses in advance.

  • Sarah

    Hmmm. Have you considered publishing via

  • Colleen in NS

    I am ROTFL!!! You are so funny. Great lesson in how publishing works, too.

  • Dana

    Very interesting. I knew some of that, but thanks for filling out some interesting details.

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